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Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol (L2TP) Access Line Information Attribute Value Pair (AVP) Extensions.
V. Mammoliti, C. Pignataro, P. Arberg, J. Gibbons, P. Howard. May 2009.

 
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Network Working Group V. Mammoliti Request for Comments: 5515 C. Pignataro Category: Informational Cisco Systems P. Arberg Redback Networks J. Gibbons Juniper Networks P. Howard May 2009 Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol (L2TP) Access Line Information Attribute Value Pair (AVP) Extensions Status of This Memo This memo provides information for the Internet community. It does not specify an Internet standard of any kind. Distribution of this memo is unlimited. Copyright Notice Copyright (c) 2009 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the document authors. All rights reserved. This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal Provisions Relating to IETF Documents in effect on the date of publication of this document (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info). Please review these documents carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect to this document. Abstract This document describes a set of Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol (L2TP) Attribute Value Pair (AVP) extensions designed to carry the subscriber Access Line identification and characterization information that arrives at the Broadband Remote Access Server (BRAS) with L2TP Access Concentrator (LAC) functionality. It also describes a mechanism to report connection speed changes, after the initial connection speeds are sent during session establishment. The primary purpose of this document is to provide a reference for DSL equipment vendors wishing to interoperate with other vendors' products. The L2TP AVPs defined in this document are applicable to both L2TPv2 and L2TPv3. Mammoliti, et al. Informational [Page 1]
RFC 5515 L2TP Access Line AVP Extensions May 2009 Table of Contents 1. Introduction ....................................................3 2. Terminology .....................................................3 2.1. Requirements Language ......................................3 2.2. Technical Terms and Acronyms ...............................4 3. Access Line Information L2TP AVP Operation ......................5 4. Additional L2TP Messages ........................................6 4.1. Connect-Speed-Update-Notification (CSUN) ...................8 4.2. Connect-Speed-Update-Request (CSURQ) .......................8 5. Access Line Information L2TP Attribute Value Pair Extensions ....9 5.1. Access Line Agent-Circuit-Id AVP ..........................10 5.2. Access Line Agent-Remote-Id AVP ...........................11 5.3. Access Line Actual-Data-Rate-Upstream AVP .................12 5.4. Access Line Actual-Data-Rate-Downstream AVP ...............13 5.5. Access Line Minimum-Data-Rate-Upstream AVP ................13 5.6. Access Line Minimum-Data-Rate-Downstream AVP ..............14 5.7. Access Line Attainable-Data-Rate-Upstream AVP .............14 5.8. Access Line Attainable-Data-Rate-Downstream AVP ...........14 5.9. Access Line Maximum-Data-Rate-Upstream AVP ................15 5.10. Access Line Maximum-Data-Rate-Downstream AVP .............15 5.11. Access Line Minimum-Data-Rate-Upstream-Low-Power AVP .....16 5.12. Access Line Minimum-Data-Rate-Downstream-Low-Power AVP ...16 5.13. Access Line Maximum-Interleaving-Delay-Upstream AVP ......17 5.14. Access Line Actual-Interleaving-Delay-Upstream AVP .......17 5.15. Access Line Maximum-Interleaving-Delay-Downstream AVP ....18 5.16. Access Line Actual-Interleaving-Delay-Downstream AVP .....18 5.17. Access Line Access-Loop-Encapsulation AVP ................19 5.18. ANCP Access Line Type AVP ................................20 5.19. Access Line IWF-Session AVP ..............................21 6. Connect Speed Update L2TP Attribute Value Pair Extensions ......22 6.1. Connect Speed Update AVP (CSUN, CSURQ) ....................22 6.2. Connect Speed Update Enable AVP (ICRQ) ....................23 7. Access Line Information AVP Mapping ............................24 7.1. Summary of Access Line AVPs ...............................24 8. IANA Considerations ............................................25 8.1. Message Type AVP Values ...................................25 8.2. Control Message Attribute Value Pairs (AVPs) ..............25 8.3. Values for Access Line Information AVPs ...................25 9. Security Considerations ........................................25 10. Acknowledgements ..............................................26 11. References ....................................................26 11.1. Normative References .....................................26 11.2. Informative References ...................................27 Mammoliti, et al. Informational [Page 2]
RFC 5515 L2TP Access Line AVP Extensions May 2009 1. Introduction Access Nodes (ANs), referred to as Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexers (DSLAMs) in DSL, are adding enhancement features to forward, via in-band signaling, subscriber Access Line identification and characterization information to their connected upstream Broadband Remote Access Server (BRAS) with L2TP Access Concentrator (LAC) functionality. The Access Node/DSLAM may forward the information via one or more of the following methods: o Vendor-Specific Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet (PPPoE) Tags [RFC2516]. o DHCP Relay Options [RFC3046] and Vendor-Specific Information Suboptions [RFC4243]. o Access Node Control Protocol [ANCP]. Currently, this information is been collected on the BRAS and forwarded to a radius server via [RFC4679]. This document describes the new additional L2TP AVPs that were created to forward the subscriber line identification and characterization information received at the BRAS/LAC to the terminating L2TP Network Server (LNS). It also describes a mechanism by which the LAC may report connection speed changes to the LNS, after the initial connection speeds are sent by the LAC during session establishment. The L2TP AVPs defined in this document MAY be used with either an L2TPv2 [RFC2661] or L2TPv3 [RFC3931] implementation. The information acquired may be used to provide authentication, policy, and accounting functionality. It may also be collected and used for management and troubleshooting purposes. 2. Terminology The following sections define the usage and meaning of certain specialized terms in the context of this document. 2.1. Requirements Language The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119]. Mammoliti, et al. Informational [Page 3]
RFC 5515 L2TP Access Line AVP Extensions May 2009 2.2. Technical Terms and Acronyms Access Node/DSLAM The Access Node/DSLAM is a DSL signal terminator that contains a minimum of one Ethernet or ATM interface that serves as its upstream interface into which it aggregates traffic from several ATM-based (subscriber ports) or Ethernet-based downstream interfaces. BNG Broadband Network Gateway. A BNG is an IP edge router where bandwidth and Quality-of-Service (QoS) policies are applied; the functions performed by a BRAS are a superset of those performed by a BNG. BRAS Broadband Remote Access Server. A BRAS is a BNG and is the aggregation point for the subscriber traffic. It provides aggregation capabilities (e.g., IP, PPP, Ethernet) between the access network and the core network. Beyond its aggregation function, the BRAS is also an injection point for policy management and IP QoS in the access network. DSL Digital Subscriber Line. DSL is a technology that allows digital data transmission over wires in the local telephone network. DSLAM Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexer. DSLAM is a device that terminates DSL subscriber lines. The data is aggregated and forwarded to ATM- or Ethernet-based aggregation networks. IWF Interworking Function. The set of functions required for interconnecting two networks of different technologies (e.g., ATM and Ethernet). IWF is utilized to enable the carriage of Point- to-Point Protocol over ATM (PPPoA) traffic over PPPoE. Mammoliti, et al. Informational [Page 4]
RFC 5515 L2TP Access Line AVP Extensions May 2009 LAC L2TP Access Concentrator. If an L2TP Control Connection Endpoint (LCCE) is being used to cross-connect an L2TP session directly to a data link, we refer to it as an L2TP Access Concentrator (LAC). (See [RFC2661] and [RFC3931].) LCCE L2TP Control Connection Endpoint. An L2TP node that exists at either end of an L2TP control connection. May also be referred to as an LAC or LNS, depending on whether tunneled frames are processed at the data link (LAC) or network layer (LNS). (See [RFC3931].) LNS L2TP Network Server. If a given L2TP session is terminated at the L2TP node and the encapsulated network layer (L3) packet processed on a virtual interface, we refer to this L2TP node as an L2TP Network Server (LNS). (See [RFC2661] and [RFC3931].) 3. Access Line Information L2TP AVP Operation When the BRAS with LAC functionality receives the Access Line information from the Access Node and has determined that the session will be established with an LNS, the LAC will forward the information that it has collected in the newly defined L2TP AVPs. The LAC will only forward the Access Line Information AVPs that have populated values. Access Line information from any of the above methods must be available at the BRAS prior to the start of session negotiation by the LAC. This ensures Access Line parameters are reliably provided to the LNS and avoids additional call set-up delays. Under the condition that the LAC has not received any Access Line information from any of the methods, as default behavior the LAC SHOULD establish the L2TP session without waiting for the Access Line information. In this case, the LAC MUST NOT send any of the Access Line AVPs to the LNS. The LAC MAY, as local policy, wait for the Access Line information from one or more of the methods before forwarding the information in the Access Line L2TP AVPs to the LNS. It is possible that the Access Node will only send a subset of the currently available line information defined. The LAC MUST be able to limit and/or filter which AVPs, if any, are sent to the LNS. Mammoliti, et al. Informational [Page 5]
RFC 5515 L2TP Access Line AVP Extensions May 2009 It is also possible that the LAC may receive Access Line information from multiple sources and at different time intervals. Local policy SHOULD determine which source(s) the LAC will accept. The LAC SHOULD default to accepting ANCP-sourced parameters. The Access Line AVPs are sent as part of the L2TP Incoming-Call- Request (ICRQ) control message. Connect Speed Update AVPs are sent as part of the Connect-Speed-Update-Notification (CSUN) or Connect- Speed-Update-Request (CSURQ) L2TP messages (see Sections 4, 4.1, and 4.2). It is possible for the LAC to send updated Connect Speed characteristics to the LNS via the Connect Speed Update AVP in an L2TP Connect-Speed-Update-Notification (CSUN) control message (see Section 4.1). To avoid unnecessary L2TP Connect-Speed-Update-Request and Connect-Speed-Update-Notification message exchanges between the LAC and LNS (e.g., during failover protocol recovery and resynchronization), the LAC signals in the session establishment exchange its ability and desire to provide speed updates during the life of the session. This is achieved using a new AVP, Connect Speed Update Enable (see Section 6.2), sent in the L2TP Incoming-Call- Request (ICRQ) control message. The absence of this AVP in the ICRQ message implies that the LAC will not be sending any speed updates during the life of the session. If the LAC is configured to accept ANCP-sourced parameters, and supports providing speed updates during the life of a session, it MUST send the Connect Speed Update Enable AVP in the ICRQ, since this implies that speed updates may occur over the life of the connection. If the LAC is configured to only accept PPPoE vendor-specific tags, it MUST NOT send the Connect Speed Update Enable AVP in the ICRQ, since the connection speed is only sent during PPPoE discovery and no further updates will occur during the life of the connection. 4. Additional L2TP Messages If the Access Line information changes while the session is still maintained, connection speed updates MAY be sent from the LAC to the LNS via an L2TP Connect-Speed-Update-Notification (CSUN) Message (see Section 4.1). A new AVP, Connect Speed Update AVP (see Section 6.1), is included in the CSUN message to report connect speed updates for a specific session after the initial connection speeds are established (i.e., at session establishment via the Tx Connect Speed and Rx Connect Speed AVPs, Attribute Types 24 and 38, respectively, for L2TPv2 and 74 and 75, respectively, for L2TPv3). The values established in the Connect Speed Update AVP (as well as the values for the initial Tx/Rx Connect Speeds AVPs) are based on LAC local policy. For example, the LAC's local policy may use the Actual-Data- Rate-Upstream and Actual-Data-Rate-Downstream as its policy to report Mammoliti, et al. Informational [Page 6]
RFC 5515 L2TP Access Line AVP Extensions May 2009 connection speed updates. For consistency, the same local policy SHOULD equally apply both to the initial connect speeds (conveyed during session establishment) and to the (optional) connect speed updates (sent after the establishment of the session). The CSUN message MAY be sent periodically to the LNS based on local policy and may include more than one Connect Speed Update AVP. The bulking of more than one Connect Speed Update AVP into the CSUN message serves the following purposes: o Dampens the rate of changes sent to the LNS when Access Line parameter updates are received at a high rate for a given line. o Efficiently forwards speed updates when Access Line parameter updates are received for many lines at the same time. o Supports failover [RFC4951] protocol recovery and resynchronization. During failover recovery and resynchronization, to ensure the correct speeds have been applied to outstanding sessions on each tunnel, the LNS MAY issue a Connect-Speed-Update-Request (CSURQ) message (see Section 4.2) to the LAC containing one or more Session IDs. In response to the CSURQ message, the LAC MUST issue a Connect-Speed- Update-Notification (CSUN) message (see Section 4.1) containing a Connect Speed Update AVP for each of the Session IDs requested in the CSURQ. Note: In the CSUN response to the CSURQ, the LAC MUST NOT respond to unknown sessions, or to known sessions for which it did not issue a Connect Speed Update Enable AVP in the prior Incoming- Call-Request (ICRQ) control message for the session (see Sections 3 and 6.2). This section defines two new Messages that are used with the IETF Vendor ID of 0 in the Message Type AVP. The following message types will be assigned to these new messages (see Section 8.1): 28: (CSUN) Connect-Speed-Update-Notification 29: (CSURQ) Connect-Speed-Update-Request The Mandatory (M) bit within the Message Type AVP SHOULD be clear (i.e., not set) for the CSUN and CSURQ control messages, to allow for an L2TP Control Connection Endpoint (LCCE) to maintain the control connection if the message type is unknown. Mammoliti, et al. Informational [Page 7]
RFC 5515 L2TP Access Line AVP Extensions May 2009 4.1. Connect-Speed-Update-Notification (CSUN) The Connect-Speed-Update-Notification (CSUN) is an L2TP control message sent by the LAC to the LNS to provide transmit and receive connection speed updates for one or more sessions. The connection speed may change at any time during the life of the call; thus, the LNS SHOULD be able to update its connection speed on an active session. The following AVPs MUST be present in the CSUN: Message Type Connect Speed Update (more than one may be present in the CSUN) Note that the LAC MUST NOT include a Connect Speed Update AVP for which it did not send a Connect Speed Update Enable AVP in the prior Incoming-Call-Request (ICRQ) control message for the session. 4.2. Connect-Speed-Update-Request (CSURQ) The Connect-Speed-Update-Request (CSURQ) is an L2TP control message sent by the LNS to the LAC to request the current transmit and receive connection speed for one or more sessions. It MAY be issued at any time during the life of the tunnel and MUST only be issued for each outstanding session on each tunnel on which the LNS has already received a Connect Speed Update Enable AVP in the prior Incoming- Call-Request (ICRQ) control message for the session. It is typically used as part of failover recovery and resynchronization to allow the LNS to verify it has the correct speeds for each outstanding session on each tunnel. The following AVPs MUST be present in the CSURQ: Message Type Connect Speed Update (more than one may be present in the CSURQ) The Current Tx Connect Speed and Current Rx Connect Speed fields in the Connect Speed Update AVP MUST be set to 0 when this AVP is used in the CSURQ message. In the CSUN response to the CSURQ, the LAC MUST NOT respond to unknown sessions or to known sessions for which it did not issue a Connect Speed Update Enable AVP in the prior Incoming-Call-Request (ICRQ) control message for the session. Mammoliti, et al. Informational [Page 8]
RFC 5515 L2TP Access Line AVP Extensions May 2009 5. Access Line Information L2TP Attribute Value Pair Extensions The Access Line information was initially defined in the DSL Forum Technical Report TR-101 [TR-101]. TR-101 defines the line characteristic that are sent from an Access Node. The following sections contain a list of the Access Line Information L2TP AVPs. Included with each of the listed AVPs is a short description of the purpose of the AVPs. The AVPs follow the standard method of encoding AVPs as follows: 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ |M|H| rsvd | Length | Vendor ID | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Attribute Type |Attribute Value, if Required ... +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ ... (Until Length is reached) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ The M bit for all the AVPs defined in this document SHOULD be set to 0 to allow for backwards compatibility with LNSs that do not support the Access Line Information AVP extensions hereby defined. However, if it is desired to prevent the establishment of the L2TP session if the peer LNS does not support the Access Line Information AVP extensions, the M bit MAY be set to 1. See Section 4.2 of [RFC2661] and Section 5.2 of [RFC3931]. All the AVPs defined in this document MAY be hidden (the H bit MAY be 0 or 1). The Length (before hiding) of all the listed AVPs is 6 plus the length of the Attribute Value, if one is required, in octets. The Vendor ID for all the listed AVPs (Sections 5.1 through 5.19) is that of the IANA assigned ADSL Forum Vendor ID, decimal 3561 [IANA.enterprise-numbers]. All the listed AVPs (Section 5.1 through Section 5.19) MAY be present in the following messages unless otherwise stipulated: Incoming-Call-Request (ICRQ) The Value of the AVP contains information about the Access Line to which the subscriber is attached. Mammoliti, et al. Informational [Page 9]
RFC 5515 L2TP Access Line AVP Extensions May 2009 With the exception of the Connect Speed Update AVP (see Section 6.1), all new AVPs specifying a data rate or speed expressed in bits per second (bps) will be sent as 64-bits to provide extensibility to support future increases in subscriber connection speeds. These new AVPs that specify a 64-bit "Data-Rate" are defined from Section 5.3 to Section 5.12, both inclusive. Whenever a speed value sent in an AVP fits within 32 bits, the upper 32 bits MUST be transmitted as 0s. The various Data-Rates and Interleaving-Delays used in the subsequent Sections 5.3 through 5.16 are defined in Section 3.9.4 of [TR-101]. The qualifiers used with these Data-Rates and Interleaving-Delays have the following meanings: o Actual Actual rate or delay of an access loop o Attainable Maximum value that can be achieved by the equipment o Minimum Minimum value configured by the operator o Maximum Maximum value configured by the operator 5.1. Access Line Agent-Circuit-Id AVP The Access Line Agent-Circuit-Id AVP, Attribute Type 1, contains information describing the subscriber agent circuit ID corresponding to the logical access loop port of the Access Node/DSLAM from which a subscriber's requests are initiated. The Attribute Value field for this AVP has the following format: 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Agent-Circuit-Id ... (2 to 63 octets) +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ The Agent-Circuit-Id is of arbitrary length, but MUST be greater than 1 octet and not greater than 63 octets. The Length (before hiding) of this AVP is 6 plus the length of the Agent-Circuit-Id. The Agent-Circuit-Id contains information about the Access Node/DSLAM to which the subscriber is attached, along with a unique identifier for the subscriber's DSL port on that Access Node/DSLAM. The Agent- Mammoliti, et al. Informational [Page 10]
RFC 5515 L2TP Access Line AVP Extensions May 2009 Circuit-Id contains a locally administered string representing the access loop logical port, and its syntax is defined in Section 3.9.3 of [TR-101]. The text string is encoded in the UTF-8 charset [RFC3629]. An exemplary description of the Agent-Circuit-Id string format follows for background purposes. The LAC MUST treat the string as an opaque value and MUST NOT manipulate or enforce the format of the string based on the description here or in TR-101 [TR-101]. Default syntax for the string is defined in [TR-101]. The examples in this section are included only for illustrative purposes. The exact syntax of the string is implementation dependent; however, a typical practice is to subdivide it into two or more space-separated components, one to identify the Access Node and another the subscriber line on that node, with perhaps an indication of whether that line is Ethernet or ATM. Example formats for this string are shown below. "Access-Node-Identifier atm slot/port:vpi.vci" (when ATM/DSL is used) "Access-Node-Identifier eth slot/port[:vlan-id]" (when Ethernet/DSL is used) The syntax for the string is defined in [TR-101]. An example showing the slot and port field encoding is given below: "Relay-identifier atm 3/0:100.33" (slot = 3, port = 0, vpi = 100, vci = 33) The Access-Node-Identifier is a unique ASCII string that does not include 'space' characters. The syntax of the slot and port fields reflects typical practices currently in place. The slot identifier does not exceed 6 characters in length, and the port identifier does not exceed 3 characters in length using a '/' as a delimiter. The exact manner in which slots are identified is Access Node/DSLAM implementation dependent. The vpi, vci, and vlan-id fields (when applicable) are related to a given access loop (U-interface). 5.2. Access Line Agent-Remote-Id AVP The Access Line Agent-Remote-Id AVP, Attribute Type 2, contains an operator-specific, statically configured string that uniquely identifies the subscriber on the associated access loop of the Access Node/DSLAM. Mammoliti, et al. Informational [Page 11]
RFC 5515 L2TP Access Line AVP Extensions May 2009 The Attribute Value field for this AVP has the following format: 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Agent-Remote-Id ... (2 to 63 octets) +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ The Agent-Remote-Id is of arbitrary length, but MUST be greater than 1 octet and not greater than 63 octets. The Length (before hiding) of this AVP is 6 plus the length of the Agent-Remote-Id. The Agent-Remote-Id contains information sent from the Access Node/ DSLAM from which the subscriber is attached, to further refine the access loop logical port identification with a user. The content of this message is entirely open to the service provider's discretion. For example, it MAY contain a subscriber billing ID or telephone number. The LAC MUST treat the string as an opaque value and MUST NOT manipulate or enforce its format. The text string is defined in [TR-101], and is encoded in the UTF-8 charset [RFC3629]. 5.3. Access Line Actual-Data-Rate-Upstream AVP The Access Line Actual-Data-Rate-Upstream AVP, Attribute Type 129, contains the actual upstream train rate of a subscriber's synchronized Access link. The Attribute Value field for this AVP has the following format: 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Actual-Data-Rate-Upstream +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ ... in bps (64 bits) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ The Actual-Data-Rate-Upstream is an 8-octet value. The Actual-Data-Rate-Upstream AVP contains an 8-octet unsigned integer, indicating the subscriber's actual data rate upstream of a synchronized Access link. The rate is coded in bits per second. The Length (before hiding) of this AVP is 14. Mammoliti, et al. Informational [Page 12]
RFC 5515 L2TP Access Line AVP Extensions May 2009 5.4. Access Line Actual-Data-Rate-Downstream AVP The Access Line Actual-Data-Rate-Downstream AVP, Attribute Type 130, contains the actual downstream train rate of a subscriber's synchronized Access link. The Attribute Value field for this AVP has the following format: 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Actual-Data-Rate-Downstream +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ ... in bps (64 bits) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ The Actual-Data-Rate-Downstream AVP contains an 8-octet unsigned integer, indicating the subscriber's actual data rate downstream of a synchronized Access link. The rate is coded in bits per second. The Length (before hiding) of this AVP is 14. 5.5. Access Line Minimum-Data-Rate-Upstream AVP The Access Line Minimum-Data-Rate-Upstream AVP, Attribute Type 131, contains the subscriber's operator-configured minimum upstream data rate. The Attribute Value field for this AVP has the following format: 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Minimum-Data-Rate-Upstream +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ ... in bps (64 bits) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ The Minimum-Data-Rate-Upstream AVP contains an 8-octet unsigned integer, indicating the subscriber's minimum upstream data rate (as configured by the operator). The rate is coded in bits per second. The Length (before hiding) of this AVP is 14. Mammoliti, et al. Informational [Page 13]
RFC 5515 L2TP Access Line AVP Extensions May 2009 5.6. Access Line Minimum-Data-Rate-Downstream AVP The Access Line Minimum-Data-Rate-Downstream AVP, Attribute Type 132, contains the subscriber's operator-configured minimum downstream data rate. The Attribute Value field for this AVP has the following format: 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Minimum-Data-Rate-Downstream +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ ... in bps (64 bits) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ The Minimum-Data-Rate-Downstream AVP contains an 8-octet unsigned integer, indicating the subscriber's minimum downstream data rate (as configured by the operator). The rate is coded in bits per second. The Length (before hiding) of this AVP is 14. 5.7. Access Line Attainable-Data-Rate-Upstream AVP The Access Line Attainable-Data-Rate-Upstream AVP, Attribute Type 133, contains the subscriber's actual attainable upstream data rate. The Attribute Value field for this AVP has the following format: 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Attainable-Data-Rate-Upstream +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ ... in bps (64 bits) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ The Attainable-Data-Rate-Upstream AVP contains an 8-octet unsigned integer, indicating the subscriber's Access Line actual attainable upstream data rate. The rate is coded in bits per second. The Length (before hiding) of this AVP is 14. 5.8. Access Line Attainable-Data-Rate-Downstream AVP The Access Line Attainable-Data-Rate-Downstream AVP, Attribute Type 134, contains the subscriber's actual attainable downstream data rate. Mammoliti, et al. Informational [Page 14]
RFC 5515 L2TP Access Line AVP Extensions May 2009 The Attribute Value field for this AVP has the following format: 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Attainable-Data-Rate-Downstream +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ ... in bps (64 bits) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ The Attainable-Data-Rate-Downstream AVP contains an 8-octet unsigned integer, indicating the subscriber's Access Line actual DSL attainable downstream data rate. The rate is coded in bits per second. The Length (before hiding) of this AVP is 14. 5.9. Access Line Maximum-Data-Rate-Upstream AVP The Access Line Maximum-Data-Rate-Upstream AVP, Attribute Type 135, contains the subscriber's maximum upstream data rate, as configured by the operator. The Attribute Value field for this AVP has the following format: 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Maximum-Data-Rate-Upstream +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ ... in bps (64 bits) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ The Maximum-Data-Rate-Upstream AVP contains an 8-octet unsigned integer, indicating the numeric value of the subscriber's Access Line maximum upstream data rate. The rate is coded in bits per second. The Length (before hiding) of this AVP is 14. 5.10. Access Line Maximum-Data-Rate-Downstream AVP The Access Line Maximum-Data-Rate-Downstream AVP, Attribute Type 136, contains the subscriber's maximum downstream data rate, as configured by the operator. Mammoliti, et al. Informational [Page 15]
RFC 5515 L2TP Access Line AVP Extensions May 2009 The Attribute Value field for this AVP has the following format: 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Maximum-Data-Rate-Downstream +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ ... in bps (64 bits) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ The Maximum-Data-Rate-Downstream AVP contains an 8-octet unsigned integer, indicating the numeric value of the subscriber's Access Line maximum downstream data rate. The rate is coded in bits per second. The Length (before hiding) of this AVP is 14. 5.11. Access Line Minimum-Data-Rate-Upstream-Low-Power AVP The Access Line Minimum-Data-Rate-Upstream-Low-Power AVP, Attribute Type 137, contains the subscriber's minimum upstream data rate in low power state, as configured by the operator. The Attribute Value field for this AVP has the following format: 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Minimum-Data-Rate-Upstream-Low-Power +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ ... in bps (64 bits) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ The Minimum-Data-Rate-Upstream-Low-Power AVP contains an 8-octet unsigned integer, indicating the numeric value of the subscriber's Access Line minimum upstream data rate when in low power state (L1/L2). The rate is coded in bits per second. The Length (before hiding) of this AVP is 14. 5.12. Access Line Minimum-Data-Rate-Downstream-Low-Power AVP The Access Line Minimum-Data-Rate-Downstream-Low-Power AVP, Attribute Type 138, contains the subscriber's minimum downstream data rate in low power state, as configured by the operator. Mammoliti, et al. Informational [Page 16]
RFC 5515 L2TP Access Line AVP Extensions May 2009 The Attribute Value field for this AVP has the following format: 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Minimum-Data-Rate-Downstream-Low-Power +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ ... in bps (64 bits) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ The Minimum-Data-Rate-Downstream-Low-Power AVP contains an 8-octet unsigned integer, indicating the numeric value of the subscriber's Access Line minimum downstream data rate when in low power state (L1/L2). The rate is coded in bits per second. The Length (before hiding) of this AVP is 14. 5.13. Access Line Maximum-Interleaving-Delay-Upstream AVP The Access Line Maximum-Interleaving-Delay-Upstream AVP, Attribute Type 139, contains the subscriber's maximum one-way upstream interleaving delay, as configured by the operator. The Attribute Value field for this AVP has the following format: 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Maximum-Interleaving-Delay-Upstream | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ The Maximum-Interleaving-Delay-Upstream AVP contains a 4-octet unsigned integer, indicating the numeric value in milliseconds of the subscriber's Access Line maximum one-way upstream interleaving delay. The Length (before hiding) of this AVP is 10. 5.14. Access Line Actual-Interleaving-Delay-Upstream AVP The Access Line Actual-Interleaving-Delay-Upstream AVP, Attribute Type 140, contains the subscriber's actual one-way upstream interleaving delay. Mammoliti, et al. Informational [Page 17]
RFC 5515 L2TP Access Line AVP Extensions May 2009 The Attribute Value field for this AVP has the following format: 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Actual-Interleaving-Delay-Upstream | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ The Actual-Interleaving-Delay-Upstream AVP contains a 4-octet unsigned integer, indicating the numeric value in milliseconds of the subscriber's Access Line actual upstream interleaving delay. The Length (before hiding) of this AVP is 10. 5.15. Access Line Maximum-Interleaving-Delay-Downstream AVP The Access Line Maximum-Interleaving-Delay-Downstream AVP, Attribute Type 141, contains the subscriber's maximum one-way downstream interleaving delay, as configured by the operator. The Attribute Value field for this AVP has the following format: 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Maximum-Interleaving-Delay-Downstream | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ The Maximum-Interleaving-Delay-Downstream AVP contains a 4-octet unsigned integer, indicating the numeric value in milliseconds of the subscriber's Access Line maximum one-way downstream interleaving delay. The Length (before hiding) of this AVP is 10. 5.16. Access Line Actual-Interleaving-Delay-Downstream AVP The Access Line Actual-Interleaving-Delay-Downstream AVP, Attribute Type 142, contains the subscriber's actual one-way downstream interleaving delay. Mammoliti, et al. Informational [Page 18]
RFC 5515 L2TP Access Line AVP Extensions May 2009 The Attribute Value field for this AVP has the following format: 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Actual-Interleaving-Delay-Downstream | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ The Actual-Interleaving-Delay-Downstream AVP contains a 4-octet unsigned integer, indicating the numeric value in milliseconds of the subscriber's Access Line actual downstream interleaving delay. The Length (before hiding) of this AVP is 10. 5.17. Access Line Access-Loop-Encapsulation AVP The Access Line Access-Loop-Encapsulation AVP, Attribute Type 144, describes the encapsulation(s) used by the subscriber on the access loop. The Length (before hiding) of this AVP is 9. The Access-Loop-Encapsulation value is comprised of three 1-octet values representing the Data Link, Encapsulation 1, and Encapsulation 2, respectively. The Access-Loop-Encapsulation value is 3 octets in length, logically divided into three 1-octet sub-fields, each containing its own enumeration value, as shown in the following diagram: 0 1 2 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Data Link | Encaps 1 | Encaps 2 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Valid values for the sub-fields are as follows: Data Link 0x00 ATM AAL5 0x01 Ethernet Mammoliti, et al. Informational [Page 19]
RFC 5515 L2TP Access Line AVP Extensions May 2009 Encaps 1 0x00 NA - Not Available 0x01 Untagged Ethernet 0x02 Single-Tagged Ethernet Encaps 2 0x00 NA - Not Available 0x01 PPPoA LLC 0x02 PPPoA Null 0x03 IP over ATM (IPoA) LLC 0x04 IPoA Null 0x05 Ethernet over AAL5 LLC with Frame Check Sequence (FCS) 0x06 Ethernet over AAL5 LLC without FCS 0x07 Ethernet over AAL5 Null with FCS 0x08 Ethernet over AAL5 Null without FCS 5.18. ANCP Access Line Type AVP The ANCP Access Line Type AVP, Attribute Type 145, describes the transmission systems on access loop to the subscriber. The Attribute Value field for this AVP has the following format: 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | ANCP-Access-Line-Type | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ The Length (before hiding) of this AVP is 10. The ANCP Access Line Type AVP defines the type of transmission system used. Mammoliti, et al. Informational [Page 20]
RFC 5515 L2TP Access Line AVP Extensions May 2009 The ANCP Access Line Type AVP contains a 1-octet field encoding the Transmission System, followed by a 3-octet reserved field (MUST be zero), and is 4 octets in length. It indicates the transmission systems on access loop to the subscriber. The current valid values only utilize the 1-octet field. Valid values are as follows: Transmission system: 0x01 ADSL1 0x02 ADSL2 0x03 ADSL2+ 0x04 VDSL1 0x05 VDSL2 0x06 SDSL 0x07 UNKNOWN 5.19. Access Line IWF-Session AVP The Access Line IWF-Session AVP, Attribute Type 254, indicates if an Interworking Function has been performed with respect to the subscriber's session. The Attribute Value field for this AVP has the following format: 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Inter-Working Function | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ The Inter-Working Function is a 4-octet value. Valid values for this field are as follows: 0x00 IWF not performed 0x01 IWF performed The Length (before hiding) of this AVP is 10. Mammoliti, et al. Informational [Page 21]
RFC 5515 L2TP Access Line AVP Extensions May 2009 6. Connect Speed Update L2TP Attribute Value Pair Extensions The following sections define Connect Speed Update related AVPs. These AVPs (Section 6.1 and Section 6.2) use the IETF Vendor ID of 0. The M bit for these AVPs SHOULD be set to 0. However, if it is desired to prevent the establishment or tear down the established L2TP session if the peer LNS does not support the Connect Speed Update AVP extensions, the M bit MAY be set to 1. See Section 4.2 of [RFC2661] and Section 5.2 of [RFC3931]. 6.1. Connect Speed Update AVP (CSUN, CSURQ) The Connect Speed Update AVP, Attribute Type 97, contains the updated connection speeds for this session. The format is consistent with that of the Tx Connect Speed and Rx Connect Speed AVPs for L2TPv2 (Attribute Types 24 and 38, respectively) and L2TPv3 (Attribute Types 74 and 75, respectively). Hence, there is a separate format defined for L2TPv2 and L2TPv3. The Attribute Value field for this AVP has the following format for L2TPv2 Tunnels: 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Reserved | Remote Session Id | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Current Tx Connect Speed in bps | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Current Rx Connect Speed in bps | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Mammoliti, et al. Informational [Page 22]
RFC 5515 L2TP Access Line AVP Extensions May 2009 The Attribute Value field for this AVP has the following format for L2TPv3 Tunnels: 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Remote Session Id | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Current Tx Connect Speed in bps... +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ ...Current Tx Connect Speed in bps (64 bits) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Current Rx Connect Speed in bps... +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ ...Current Rx Connect Speed in bps (64 bits) | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ The Remote Session Id is the remote session id relative to the sender (i.e., the identifier that was assigned to this session by the peer). The Current Tx Connect Speed is a 4-octet value (L2TPv2) or an 8-octet value (L2TPv3) representing the current transmit connect speed, from the perspective of the LAC (e.g., data flowing from the LAC to the remote system). The rate is encoded in bits per second. The Current Rx Connect Speed is a 4-octet value (L2TPv2) or an 8-octet value (L2TPv3) representing the current receive connect speed, from the perspective of the LAC (e.g., data flowing from the remote system to the LAC). The rate is encoded in bits per second. The Length (before hiding) of this AVP is 18 (L2TPv2) or 26 (L2TPv3). 6.2. Connect Speed Update Enable AVP (ICRQ) The Connect Speed Update Enable AVP, Attribute Type 98, indicates whether the LAC intends to send speed updates to the LNS during the life of the session. The Connect Speed Update Enable AVP is a boolean AVP. Presence of this AVP indicates that the LAC MAY send speed updates using CSUN (see Section 4.1) during the life of the session, and the LNS SHOULD query for the current connection speed via the CSURQ (see Section 4.2) during failover synchronization. Absence of this AVP indicates that the LAC will not be sending speed updates using CSUN (see Section 4.1) during the life of the session, and the LNS MUST NOT query for the current connection speed via the CSURQ (see Section 4.2) during failover synchronization. The Length (before hiding) of this AVP is 6. Mammoliti, et al. Informational [Page 23]
RFC 5515 L2TP Access Line AVP Extensions May 2009 7. Access Line Information AVP Mapping The Access Line information that is obtained from the Access Node/ DSLAM is required to be mapped into the Access Line AVPs. The Access Line information can be obtained via: o Vendor-Specific PPPoE Tags [RFC2516]. o DHCP Relay Options [RFC3046] and Vendor-Specific Information Suboptions [RFC4243]. o ANCP [ANCP]. 7.1. Summary of Access Line AVPs Table 1 summarizes the Access Line AVPs defined in Sections 5.1 through 5.19. +-----------------+----------------------------------------+ | Access Line AVP | Name | +-----------------+----------------------------------------+ | 1 (0x01) | Agent-Circuit-Id | | 2 (0x02) | Agent-Remote-Id | | 129 (0x81) | Actual-Data-Rate-Upstream | | 130 (0x82) | Actual-Data-Rate-Downstream | | 131 (0x83) | Minimum-Data-Rate-Upstream | | 132 (0x84) | Minimum-Data-Rate-Downstream | | 133 (0x85) | Attainable-Data-Rate-Upstream | | 134 (0x86) | Attainable-Data-Rate-Downstream | | 135 (0x87) | Maximum-Data-Rate-Upstream | | 136 (0x88) | Maximum-Data-Rate-Downstream | | 137 (0x89) | Minimum-Data-Rate-Upstream-Low-Power | | 138 (0x8A) | Minimum-Data-Rate-Downstream-Low-Power | | 139 (0x8B) | Maximum-Interleaving-Delay-Upstream | | 140 (0x8C) | Actual-Interleaving-Delay-Upstream | | 141 (0x8D) | Maximum-Interleaving-Delay-Downstream | | 142 (0x8E) | Actual-Interleaving-Delay-Downstream | | 144 (0x90) | Access-Loop-Encapsulation | | 145 (0x91) | ANCP Access Line Type | | 254 (0xFE) | IWF-Session | +-----------------+----------------------------------------+ Table 1: Access Line AVP Summary Mammoliti, et al. Informational [Page 24]
RFC 5515 L2TP Access Line AVP Extensions May 2009 8. IANA Considerations Sections 8.1 and 8.2 describe request for new values in [IANA.l2tp-parameters], for registries already managed by IANA assignable through Expert Review according to [RFC3438]. Section 8.3 describes number spaces not managed by IANA. 8.1. Message Type AVP Values This number space is managed by IANA as per [RFC3438]. There are two new message types, defined in Sections 4.1 and 4.2, to be allocated for this specification. Message Type AVP (Attribute Type 0) Values 28: (CSUN) Connect-Speed-Update-Notification 29: (CSURQ) Connect-Speed-Update-Request 8.2. Control Message Attribute Value Pairs (AVPs) This number space is managed by IANA as per [RFC3438]. There are two new AVPs, defined in Sections 6.1 and 6.2, to be allocated for this specification. Control Message Attribute Value Pairs (AVPs) 97: Connect Speed Update AVP 98: Connect Speed Update Enable AVP 8.3. Values for Access Line Information AVPs The Access Line Information AVPs use the Vendor ID of 3561 for the ADSL Forum (now Broadband Forum). The number spaces in these Values and their new allocations (e.g., enumerated values for the Access Line Access-Loop-Encapsulation AVP and ANCP Access Line Type AVP) are managed by the Broadband Forum. 9. Security Considerations The security of these AVP relies on an implied trust relationship between the Access Node/DSLAM and the BRAS/LAC, and between the LAC and the LNS. The identifiers that are inserted by the Access Node/ DSLAM are unconditionally trusted; the BRAS does not perform any validity check on the information received before forwarding the information. Mammoliti, et al. Informational [Page 25]
RFC 5515 L2TP Access Line AVP Extensions May 2009 These AVPs are intended to be used in environments in which the network infrastructure (the Access Node/DSLAM, the BRAS/LAC, the LNS, and the entire network in which those devices reside) is trusted and secure. Careful consideration should be given to the potential security vulnerabilities that are present in this model before deploying this option in actual networks. The AVPs described in this document are used to carry identification and characterization of subscriber Access Line, and to report connection speed changes. If used in a non-secure environment, they could reveal such information. The Tunnel (Control Connection) security considerations are covered in Section 9.1 of [RFC2661] and Section 8.l of [RFC3931]. Additionally, the hiding of AVP attribute values mechanism can be used to hide the value of the AVPs described in this document, if they are deemed sensitive in some environments. AVP hiding is described in Section 4.3 of [RFC2661] and Section 5.3 of [RFC3931]. The Attributes described in this document neither increase nor decrease the security of the L2TP protocol. It is possible to utilize [RFC3193] "Securing L2TP with IPsec" to increase the security by utilizing IPsec to provide for tunnel authentication, privacy protection, integrity checking and replay protection. 10. Acknowledgements Many thanks to Wojciech Dec and the others of the Broadband Forum (previously the DSL Forum) Architecture and Transport Working Group for their help in putting together this document. 11. References 11.1. Normative References [RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997. [RFC2661] Townsley, W., Valencia, A., Rubens, A., Pall, G., Zorn, G., and B. Palter, "Layer Two Tunneling Protocol "L2TP"", RFC 2661, August 1999. [RFC3438] Townsley, W., "Layer Two Tunneling Protocol (L2TP) Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) Considerations Update", BCP 68, RFC 3438, December 2002. Mammoliti, et al. Informational [Page 26]
RFC 5515 L2TP Access Line AVP Extensions May 2009 [RFC3931] Lau, J., Townsley, M., and I. Goyret, "Layer Two Tunneling Protocol - Version 3 (L2TPv3)", RFC 3931, March 2005. [TR-101] DSL Forum, "Migration to Ethernet-Based DSL Aggregation", TR 101, April 2006, <http://www.broadband-forum.org/ technical/download/TR-101.pdf>. 11.2. Informative References [ANCP] Wadhwa, S., Moisand, J., Subramanian, S., Haag, T., Voigt, N., and R. Maglione, "Protocol for Access Node Control Mechanism in Broadband Networks", Work in Progress, March 2009. [IANA.enterprise-numbers] Internet Assigned Numbers Authority, "PRIVATE ENTERPRISE NUMBERS", <http://www.iana.org>. [IANA.l2tp-parameters] Internet Assigned Numbers Authority, "Layer Two Tunneling Protocol 'L2TP'", <http://www.iana.org>. [RFC2516] Mamakos, L., Lidl, K., Evarts, J., Carrel, D., Simone, D., and R. Wheeler, "A Method for Transmitting PPP Over Ethernet (PPPoE)", RFC 2516, February 1999. [RFC3046] Patrick, M., "DHCP Relay Agent Information Option", RFC 3046, January 2001. [RFC3193] Patel, B., Aboba, B., Dixon, W., Zorn, G., and S. Booth, "Securing L2TP using IPsec", RFC 3193, November 2001. [RFC3629] Yergeau, F., "UTF-8, a transformation format of ISO 10646", STD 63, RFC 3629, November 2003. [RFC4243] Stapp, M., Johnson, R., and T. Palaniappan, "Vendor- Specific Information Suboption for the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) Relay Agent Option", RFC 4243, December 2005. [RFC4679] Mammoliti, V., Zorn, G., Arberg, P., and R. Rennison, "DSL Forum Vendor-Specific RADIUS Attributes", RFC 4679, September 2006. [RFC4951] Jain, V., "Fail Over Extensions for Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol (L2TP) "failover"", RFC 4951, August 2007. Mammoliti, et al. Informational [Page 27]
RFC 5515 L2TP Access Line AVP Extensions May 2009 Authors' Addresses Vince Mammoliti Cisco Systems 181 Bay Street, Suite 3400 Toronto, ON M5J 2T3 Canada EMaill: vince@cisco.com Carlos Pignataro Cisco Systems 7200 Kit Creek Road PO Box 14987 Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 USA EMail: cpignata@cisco.com Peter Arberg Redback Networks 300 Holger Way San Jose, CA 95134 USA EMail: parberg@redback.com John Gibbons Juniper Networks 10 Technology Park Drive Westford, MA 01886 USA EMail: jgibbons@juniper.net Paul Howard EMail: howsoft@mindspring.com Mammoliti, et al. Informational [Page 28]

   

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